This book describes how, having smashed one of the two main Catholic armies, he faced the other at Lützen near Leipzig in November Further archaeological research confirmed that the dead had been soldiers from the Battle of Lützen (). The mass grave was block-lifted. The Battle of Lutzen occurred on November 16, during the Thirty Years’ War and resulted in a Swedish victory though gifted leader King.

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You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. However, the imperial army was not crushed, and for the Swedes, their tactical success was overshadowed by the death of their charismatic leader, King Gustav Adolf.

He died while being evacuated from the field in a coach. Lktzen the spot where Gustavus Adolphus fell, a granite boulder was placed in position on the day after the battle.

The Swedish king was killed in the course of this battle. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. The lytzen horse, Streiff, followed the procession with the king’s body through northern Germany. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website.

The battle was characterized by fog, which lay heavy over the fields of Saxony that morning.

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of There was a threat of complete collapse of the imperial army flank. Initially, the battle went well for the Protestants, who managed to outflank Wallenstein’s weak left wing.

Battle of Lützen

The sorrowful procession moved slowly across the country towards the capital. There he and Gustav confronted one another, and though the Swedes were victorious, Gustav was killed.


Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. However, during the charge, Pappenheim was fatally wounded by a small-calibre Swedish cannonball. The Habsburg Emperor did not approve of this decision, however indirect pressure on the Swedish king was successful.

Bashar al-Assad, faced an unprecedented challenge to its…. The Imperial field marshal Pappenheim was also fatally wounded. The Swedish army achieved the main goals of its campaign. Retrieved 26 September He sustained yet another shot in the back, suffered several sword stabs through the torso and fell from his horse.

Battle of Lützen () – Wikipedia

The widow, Maria Eleonora, rode in a coach, but Gustavus Adolphus young daughter Christina did not participate. The 132 was a grim struggle, with terrible casualties on both sides. As he lay dying on the ground, he received a final, fatal shot to the temple. Nov 9, See Article History.

Battle of Lützen (1632)

They attacked the center of the imperial position. Pappenheim himself went at the head of the cavalry, leaving the ltuzen of infantry and artillery to Count Rainah and ordering him to advance as quickly as possible. Soon afterwards, towards 1: Two days before the battle, on 14 November in the Gregorian calendar, 4th in the Julian calendar the Roman Catholic general Albrecht von Wallenstein decided to split his men and withdraw his main headquarters back towards Leipzig.

Next The First War of the Diadochi.

The Clash of Empires. Pappenheim received the note after midnight, and immediately set off to rejoin Wallenstein with most of his troops. This time both the grieving Dowager Queen, Maria Eleonora and the king’s seven-year-old daughter Christina attended.


Soon most of the Swedish front line was in chaotic retreat. The body of Gustav II Adolf was plundered of its clothes and gold jewellery and left on the battlefield dressed only in his shirts and long stockings. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wallenstein meant to bring about the pacification…. After a while, Pappenheim arrived with 2,—3, cavalry and halted the Swedish assault.

The command was taken over by Prince Bernhard Weimar. In Sweden, the death of Lutzdn Adolphus has a long tradition of being commemorated on 6 November, Gustavus Adolphus Day 16632, despite lytzen country’s adoption of the Gregorian calendar in the 18th century. In their attempt to achieve surprise the Swedes had abandoned the 3 pounder cannons that normally were attached to each of their infantry brigades, denying them the crucial firepower advantage that they had enjoyed in previous battles.

By about 3 PM, the Protestant second-in-command Bernhard of Saxe-Weimarhaving learned of the king’s death, returned from the left wing and assumed command over lhtzen entire army. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica.

Category:Battle of Lützen () – Wikimedia Commons

Finally, with dusk falling, the Swedes captured the linchpin of Wallenstein’s position, the main Imperial artillery battery.

He anchored his right flank on a low hill, on which he placed 16632 main artillery battery. The battle was generally successful for the Swedes but did not lead to a decisive victory.

The dead king was then brought in a procession down to the sea side. The fight raged fiercely all day, but when night fell the Swedes had won an important victory.