Gyorgy Ligeti, Toros Can (piano) – György Ligeti: Etudes – Music. 1 GYORGY LIGETI Etudes for piano Piano Concerto An analysis Marilina Tzelepi 2 Gyorgy Ligeti is a very versatile composer. He lived and composed. This piece is a seriously impressive technical feat. Études by their nature tend to be very technical and highly virtuosic but this piece in.

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Piano Concerto, IV 4, Example 10a shows the beginning measures with the notation of the flats. It was during the same decade that he wrote some of his most important compositions for the piano — the two volumes of Etudes pour le piano.

Ligeti: Etudes pour piano

According to Svard, Ligeti considers this etude to be a fugue and it appears that the melodic motif occurs quite a few times in different rhythmic values As mentioned above, the motion fanfarees sixteenth notes is continuous, sometimes in lifeti hands and sometimes in one hand, with the other hand playing a melody consisting of syncopated rhythms ex.

Log In Sign Up. The theme appears again in the last part of the etude and the chromatic line thins again, reaching its original scale form to end the composition.

The chords are divided into groups, each group starting in a very low register and ascending gradually, as Lois Svard notices II, 58 and The ligetu hand chromatic chords move towards the high register of the piano, while the theme emerges even more clearly in the left hand ex. The Lisztian influence is further reinforced by the final measures, where a descending passage dominated by chromatic octaves occurs — frequently encountered in Liszt compositions.


Svard also notices that there are frequent offbeat accents that amplify the rhythmic perplexity of the etude The title is in German, as opposed to the French titles of most of the Fanfarea. Trois Etudes de Concert Paris: Toop mentions that a year and a half after he started composing the concerto, Ligeti had written three movements, premiered in Austria in Ligeti was born in in a small Transylvanian town.

György Ligeti – Etude no.4 “Fanfares” | Monash Composers

For the first time, pppppppp appears, followed by ffffff see ex. The grouping of the eighth notes is shown in ex.

Arc-en-ciel contains sixteenth notes, in groups of four or triplets and chromatic chords in ascending or descending motion. The persistent eight notes are strongly reminiscent of the toccata style. It seems as though the elements on which the fourth movement is based undergo certain changes that help link it to the movement that is about to fanares. This site uses cookies. Piano Concerto, IV Help Center Find new research papers in: The ostinato itself is very interesting melodically.

Ligeti, according to Toop, considers the fourth movement as the core of the composition, being as lengthy and as difficult as the first movement We intend to keep a record of our study, thinking and compositional projects to document our work, show the world outside what we do and invite comment.


The chords become harmonically more complex as the piece unfolds ex. There is highly chromatic motion in both scale and chordal patterns ex.

Chopin, Etude No2 op. Parallel fifths appear again in the piano score. Remember me on this computer.

This section is slow and the chords are marked fff — ffffff. This creates a rhythmic atmosphere strongly resembling South American rhythms — strong beats and the motif.

Syncopated rhythms in both hands — characterized as jazz-like by Toop19 — appear as the piece becomes even denser rhythmically. This is strongly reminiscent of both Schumann and Debussy, who applied a similar method in naming many of their piano compositions Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Toop, Gyorgy Ligeti, — Ligeti takes dynamics to the extreme, by marking pppppp to ffffff, as demonstrated in ex.

This etude brings to mind the Chopin study on chromatic scales ex. His piano etudes are technically very challenging yet he himself was not able to play them.

The second movement is the slowest movement. As the piece continues, the range is often 2 octaves only to lead eventually to repeated notes, in groups of either three or four ex.