ARCHIPRÊTRE JEAN BRECK Paris: Editions du Cerf (); Romanian translation: Puterea Cuvântului în . “John Appendix, Epilogue or Conclusion ?. Descripción: MANUAL DE DOCTRINA CONTABLE ÚTIL Y SENCILLO DE ENTENDER. Surprins de Puterea Duhului · DOCTRINA POLICIAL · doctrina. John Breck, Puterea cuvântului în Biserica dreptmăritoare, Editura Institutu- lui Biblic și de Misiune al Bisericii Ortodoxe Române, București, , p.

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This implies, furthermore, that we need to reassess the relationship between typology and allegory, and see allegory as a mode of expression that incorporates typology in its quest for the higher, spiritual sense of a biblical passage. It has become a puterew that the Antiochene school, under the leadership of Diodore beeck Tarsus, Theodore of Mopusestia, Theodoret of Cyrus and, less directly, St John Chrysostom, arose and sustained itself primarily in opposition to the allegorizing tendencies of the Alexandrian school, represented especially by Clement, Origen, Didymus the Blind and, later, St Cyril.

Because Scripture is understood to be uniformly and integrally inspired by the Holy Spirit 2 Tim 3: Used properly, however, an allegorical approach is indispensable for making Scripture relevant to believers in every new generation.

This is a misuse of the terms involved.

Typology needs to be understood in this same double perspective, since this is the perspective of Scripture itself. Whereas typology respects the historical grounding of the type-antitype relationship, allegory tends to ignore that grounding greck locating the true meaning of a biblical passage not in historical events, but on a transcendent plane of being, as well as in the moral and cuvahtului life of the believer.

It is not just an investigative tool. Thereby it preserves the historical framework of revelation, gives full value to the incarnation of the Word of God over against perceived monophysite tendencies in Alexandrian christologyand assures the coherence and integrity of the biblical text.

Allegory : Exegetical Method Or Spiritual Vision? | Wellspring

Typology, on the other hand, is concerned to root all meaning in historydiscovering the higher sense of Scripture in the actual correspondences that exist between type and antitype.

This implies, however, that modern critics need to reassess their own perspective on reality.

In the next section we shall see that this familiar understanding of typological relationships is in need of major revision. The diachronic, historical approach to typology, which finds a temporal separation between type and antitype, needs to give way to another approach based on another perspective.

The correspondence Ford draws between picture and meaning on the one hand, and the hypostatic union in Christ on the other, is especially helpful for our attempt to reassess and finally restore allegory as a legitimate, and indeed essential feature of biblical interpretation.


Yet beyond that, as we shall see, they designate a particular world-view, which perceives transcendent reality present and operative within the framework of human history.

Allegory : Exegetical Method Or Spiritual Vision?

This principle, abhorrent to present-day exegetes who tend to stress the differences and incompatibilities between biblical writings and between various layers of tradition within a single writingwas nonetheless fundamental to the perspective of the Church Fathers.

Theoria for the Alexandrians seeks ultimate meaning in transcendent reality and therefore focuses on a spiritual or mystical reading of the biblical text. The first point to make is that the type-antitype relationship is neither strictly linear nor unidirectional. SCM Press,pp. Like Diodore, who finds a double meaning in historical events and other types, Young has led us to discover or rediscover the presence of the antitype in the type: Ancient literature, in particular, can be interpreted by cross-referencing, thanks to its quality of intertextuality.

The antitype or future fulfillment, is already present and active within the type. Early Christians were convinced that the risen Lord spoke through the apostolic authors by the inspirational power of the Spirit.

It perceives as well the profound unity that exists between the two Testaments, a unity grounded not only in the forward movement from prophecy to fulfillment, but nohn unity derived from the actual presence of eternal reality within the events of human history.

The question is, is this view of the matter correct? Whether or not any given example of allegory actually stems from Jesus directly, the early Church used allegorical tropes, as well as allegorical method in its reading of the Old Testament, to interpret the person and work of Jesus, and to proclaim him as the fulfillment of Hebrew prophecy.

Given recent advances in understanding the way texts function, putfrea the insights of narrative and reader-response criticism, it is a principle that would be well worth recovering. The movement inherent in typology, then, is not merely unidirectional, from past to future.

To the ancients, however, significant texts contain multiple layers of meaning. This view, ;uterea course, was not universally accepted. If it is not, we attribute the obscurity to bad writing. Similar allegory is found in the parables of the Two Sons Mt Hellenic College Press,p. Since Upterea and Fulfillment are separated by time, they can only be interpreted diachronically, in a movement that leads the exegete from the historical phenomenon johj the future and ontologically disconnected eschatological antitype.

Christ and Time brexk, London: Even the image of Christ as the Paschal Lamb represents a form of allegory.


This is a method that looks for a hyponoiaa hidden meaning under or behind the obvious cuvanntului of the words of the text. From narrative criticism to rhetorical analysis the role of parallelism and chiasmus in Scripture, for examplethe efforts of biblical scholars in recent years have offered precious new insights into the way Scripture embodies and conveys meaning.

To early Christians, the Bible is the ultimate expression of the Word of God. In the Synoptic Gospels Jesus is depicted as having frequent recourse to allegory.

The type corresponds to the picture and the antitype to the meaning. A type typos may be defined as a prophetic image — an event, person, institution or ritual — that points forward to and pjterea fulfilled by puterrea future eschatological reality. Istituto Cuvantklui Augustinianum, ; S. In 1 Cor 5: For the moment, keeping in mind the generally accepted notion of a linear movement from past to future, from the type to its fulfillment in the antitype, we should recall the way typology has usually been compared and contrasted with allegory, so as to see in them two divergent and basically incompatible exegetical methods.

From the Epistles through the Gospels, the New Testament thus provides a firm foundation for the development in the post-apostolic period of various allegorical approaches to biblical interpretation. The Parable of the Wicked tenants Mk Another perspective is provided by Diodore of Tarsus. This insight, cucantului, is proper not only to Diodore.

The first holds that typology is essentially linear bgeck unidirectional, moving through history from the past type to the future antitype. To this point we have noted two presuppositions that characterize cuvahtului great deal of opinion concerning the relation between typology and allegory as approaches to biblical interpretation.

Cerf, ; M. For allegory depends on a type-antitype relationship even in cases where the meaning sought is moral tropological or eschatological anagogical. Allegory, therefore, is not simply a method, a procedure that will produce answers to biblical conundrums.

By extension, it can signify a seal, an impression made in wax, a pattern or a model. As a result, the historical grounding of a given passage could be ignored or at xuvantului relegated to a position of secondary importance. The exaggerations of Alexandrian allegorizing often led precisely to that misunderstanding: