Gymnura micrura. Bloch & Schneider, Synonyms. Aetoplatea Valenciennes in Müller & Henle, ; Phanerocephalus Gratzianov, ; Pteroplatea Müller & Henle, The butterfly rays are the rays forming the genus Gymnura and the family Gymnuridae. Gymnura micrura. This diamond-shaped ray is much wider than it is long, usually 3 to 4 feet wide, and its short tail lacks the ray’s usual spine. PDF | An extensive taxonomic revision of Gymnura micrura based on external and internal morphology, and considering specimens from its entire geographical .

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Gymnura van Hasselt The great hammerhead specializes in feeding on butterfly rays and is their main predator in some areas. Species of Gymnura in FishBase. It is tolerant of a variety of salt content, from brackish river mouths to highly saline lagoons, as long as there is a muddy or sandy bottom to hunt small fish and invertebrates. Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range? Integrated Taxonomic Information System.

Prefers neritic waters of the continental shelf and usually found on soft bottoms. Tail with low dorsal and ventral finfolds and 3 – 4 dark crossbars Ref. Native range All suitable habitat Point map Year Smooth butterfly rays are found in the western and eastern parts of the Atlantic Ocean Maryland to Brazil and the Gulf of Mexico.


Biology Smooth butterfly ray: Undulation verses oscillation” PDF. Uses editors parameter link.

Gymnuridae Fowler The tail has three to four dark crossbars. The wings may be taken for bait in crab or other fisheries. Rays of the World. The ventral surface is white. They are most commonly found in neritic waters, but are also known to enter gymnrua estuaries and hypersaline mivrura. These are broad diamond-shaped rays with a short tail that has low dorsal and ventral fin folds.

This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.

Smooth butterfly ray

This ray can be distinguished from the spiny butterfly ray G. Habitat The smooth butterfly ray prefers neritic waters of the continental shelf and is usually found on soft bottoms.

Distinct pairing with embrace Ref. Modified by Capuli, Estelita Emily.

Reproductive biology of the smooth butterfly ray Gymnura micrura.

Journal of Applied Ichthyology. Common English names for this species include: It is frequently taken mircura bycatch but generally released alive. Predators Potential predators include larger fishes and marine mammals.

Uses authors parameter CS1 maint: The dorsal surface of this ray varies greatly in color, either gray, brown, or light green. Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity Reproduction Spawning Eggs Fecundity Larvae Exhibit ovoviparity aplacental viviparitywith embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures Ref.


In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Reproduction Exhibits ovoviparity aplacental viviparitywith embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialized structures. Retrieved 22 Feb The dorsal spine on the tail is absent; therefore, no stinging can occur to harm humans.

Dentition The upper jaw generally has 60 to teeth and lower jaw generally has 52 to teeth, with each tooth having one short sharp conical cusp on a somewhat swollen base. May enter brackish estuaries or hyper-saline miceura Ref.

This page was last edited on 22 Augustat It can vary from light brown to gray to greenish, with lighter or darker spots, and can manipulate its shading to blend better into its background. Gyymnura reference Upload your references References Coordinator: Florida Museum of Natural History”.

Discover Fishes Gymnura micrura.

Gymnura micrura – Discover Fishes

Danger to Humans This is a small ray that does not possess a spine. Uses authors parameter Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonomy articles created by Polbot. Views Read Edit View history.