Menus and Icons. Example: menu_one. [images/]. This is just a. later so here is the code to a simple window which will be explained shortly. The book to get on Win32 API. If you want to write programs using just the API .

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theForger’s Win32 API Programming Tutorial

Anything you can do with a normal window you can do with a control. If you’re wondering what this magic NULL is, it’s simply defined as 0 zero.

Programming Windows by Charles Petzold. Here is the prototype of WinMain. You may get some warnings about you not using the parameters supplied to WinMain.

CreateWindow will fail at some point even if you’re an experianced coder, simply because there are lots of mistakes that are easy to make. You will find options for these in the properties of windows shortcuts, and this parameter is how the choice is carried out. They define the size and meaning of these elements.

MFC Resource file notes. This type is declared in IntSafe. The instance handle is set to the value that is passed in as the first parameter to WinMain.

You can find more recommended books and links to buy at the Winprog Store. Usually you use a pre-made menu resource.

Win32 Tutorial – Why you should learn the API before MFC

Menubar is a navigation utility to be used for interacting with Visual Studio. Be aware that icon files and resources can contain multiple images, and in this case the ones I’ve supplied contain the two sizes that I’m loading.


If you hit Alt-Tab, the large version of the icon should be displayed in the application list. The Shellcoder’s Handbook includes a link to this fodgers as a good starting point for those who are getting started, or gotten rusty in Win API is a generic term meaning Application Programming Interface, however in the context of Windows programming, it means specifically the Windows API, which is the lowest level of interaction between applications and the windows operating system.

Most of the attributes you set in the window class can be changed on a per-window basis if desired. Another thing to remember is to not try and remember this stuff. Adding Items The first thing you’ll want to do with a listbox is add items to it.

Since we use the window handle that we received as the first paramter, any other windows will not be affected, only the one that the message was intended for. This could be our main window or it could be another one, or a control, and in some cases a window that was created behind the scenes by the sytem or another program.

Once the proper changes are done, click OK to start up the application wizard. Don’t worry if that doesn’t make much sense to you yet, the tutlrial parts that count will be explained more later. Also play with other values to see what they do. Launching from Visual Studio In the main, Tool bar at the top, below the Menu baryou should notice a button with a green arrow symbol, Local Windows Debugger. So when you finally do need to use them you need to add it yourself, you can’t rely on the framework to do it for you and if you don’t understand the API this could be quite the chore.


Static controls are usually just that, static, meaning they don’t change or really do anything else very special, they’re largely for displaying text to the user. Tutoril a Window from Scratch Part 4: This type is declared in WinDef. The difference is that the parameter hwnd will be different depending on which window it is.

A menu that is assigned to a window is automatically removed when the program terminates, so we don’t need to worry about getting rid of it later.

In a certain sense it’s easier in that many common tasks are done for you, thus reducing the amount of code that you need to actually type.

This step is optional.