Introductions to the Wissenschaftslehre and other writings, of the Wissenschaftslehre — Review of the Journal for truth — Note to “Fichte and Kant”. Introductions to the Wissenschaftslehre and other writings, / J.G. Fichte ; edited and translated, with an introduction and notes, by Daniel Breazeale. Original title: Erste Einleitung in die Wissenschaftslehre () The present introduction was written by Fichte in , three years after the.

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We know very well: Sign in Create an account. While maintaining his allegiance to the new Critical or Kantian philosophy, Fichte was powerfully impressed by the efforts of K.

In the course of its action introductiona Intelligence gives itself its own laws; and this legislation itself is done by virtue of a higher necessary action or Representation. My object is—let me say it frankly—not to correct or amplify such philosophical reflections as may be current, be they called anti-Kant or Kant, but to totally eradicate them, and to effect a complete revolution in the mode of thinking regarding these subjects, so that hereafter the Object will be posited and determined by Knowledge Reasonand not vice versa; and this seriously, not merely in words.

Fichte’s Preface and First Introduction to Wissenschaftslehre – Ammon Allred’s Online Classroom

Either it appears to have been produced by the introuctions, or as existing without any action of ours; and in the latter case, as either also determined in regard to its qualitativeness, or as existing merely in regard to its existence, while determinable in regard to its qualitativeness by the free intelligence.

It is not a fact of consciousness and does not belong within the sphere of experience; and, indeed, how could it be called Philosophy if introdctions did, since Philosophy has to discover the ground of experience, and since the ground lies, of course, beyond the sequence. Because Fichte’s system was developed in haste, under the wissenschaftslehge of teaching at Jena, its aims and methods are obscure, and throughout his life Fichte attempted time and again to develop the basic ideas, shifting his position significantly over the years.

If this necessary manner of its action is considered apart from the action, it may properly, be called Laws of Action. Only one can be the first, the beginning the independent; the second by the very fact of being the second, becomes necessarily dependent upon the first, with which it is to be connected—now which of the two is to be made the first? He denies the independence of the Egowhich is the basis of the Idealist, in totomakes it merely a production of the Thing, an accidence of the World; and hence the logical dogmatist is necessarily also materialist.


Whereas ethics analyzes the concept of what is demanded of a freely willing subject, the theory of right describes what such a subject is permitted to do as well as what he can rightfully be coerced to do.

From wissenschaftslehrs same reason actual Existence can not well be ascribed to the Intelligence, since such Existence is the result of reciprocal causality, but there is nothing wherewith the Intelligence might be placed in reciprocal causality. The teacher of that Science requests his reader or hearer to think freely a certain conception.

In Feburary and March of he gave a series of private lectures on his conception of philosophy before a small circle of influential clerics and intellectuals in Zurich.

Our imagination, our will, appears to us as free. Includes a complete bibliography of works in English introduction and about Fichte.

The number is a posterioriif regarded as given; the same number is a prioriif regarded as product of the factors. Hence, there are necessary laws of the Intelligence. It summons the listener or the reader to think freely of a wissenschattslehre concept…he is obliged to proceed in a certain way….

It does not occur in Experience, for the system of Experience is nothing else than Thinking accompanied by the feeling of necessity, and can not even be said to be anything else by the dogmatist, who, like every philosopher, has to explain its cause.

We speak of nothing that is without thee, but merely of thyself. Wright, Idealistic Studies6 It is to explain the representation of things, and proposes to explain them as an effect of the Things. Though these lectures later obtained a place of dubious honor as founding documents in the history of German nationalism, they are mainly concerned with the issue of national identity and particularly with the relationship between language and nationality fichtee the question of national education which is the main topic of the work —both of which are understood by Fichte as means toward a larger, wissenschaftspehre end.

They receive a picture of their Self only from the Things, as from a mirror; for their own sake they cannot renounce their faith in the independence of those things, since they exist only together with these things.

Hence the decision is arbitrary; and since this arbitrariness is nevertheless to have a cause, the decision is dependent upon inclination and interest.


But this does not better matters; we understand only mechanical effects, and it is impossible for us to understand any other kind of effects. But these constitute by far the smallest portion of the laws of the Intelligence.

Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone. A translation of the Science of Knowledge, by Mr.

Nobody can be forced to do this and though he may say he has done it, it is impossible to say whether he has done it correctly. But in this deduction Philosophy consists. I will merely recall to memory what every one, who has but firmly looked within himself, must long since have discovered. Daniel Breazeale – – Fichte-Studien Reading Notes from But this is about as far as it can go. Whosoever undertakes this act of freedom, becomes conscious of freedom, and thus establishes, as it were, a new field within his consciousness; whosoever does not undertake it, for him this new field, dependent thereupon, does not exist.

Introductions to the Wissenschaftslehre and Other Writings

Written with the beginning student in mind. The Intelligence can only be thought as active, and can only be thought active in this particular manner! Now, the dogmatist cannot deny what immediate consciousness asserts of this representation.

Ernst Behler, New York: Personal conflicts once again led to his resignation, but he retained the prestigious chair of philosophy until his death. If somebody should wish to remind us that the conception of a ground must be differently explained, we can, to be sure, not prevent him from forming another conception of it, if he so chooses; but we declare, on the strength of our good right, that we, in the above description of Philosophy, wish to have nothing else understood by that word.

I ask the critic who follows the last-mentioned method, and who does not deduce the assumed laws of the Intelligence from the Essence of the Intelligence, where he gets the material knowledge of these laws, the knowledge that they are just these very same laws; for instance, that of Substantiality or Causality? Erste Einleitung in die Wissenschaftslehre Ein deutscher PhilosophMunich, C.