Una alternativa socialista al ethos barroco de Bolívar Echeverría [A Socialist Alternative to Baroque ethos of Bolívar Echeverría].Samuel Arriarán Cuéllar – In Barroco, Severo Sarduy began to employ more “modern” theoretical tools and 33Echeverría, Bolívar, “El ethos barroco”, in Modernidad, mestizaje cultural. by focusing on Bolivar Echeverria’s strategic reading of Walter. Benjamin. .. The Baroque ethos, in Echeverria’s model, is the one that holds. This content 47 Bolívar Echeverría, La modernidad de lo barroco (Mexico City: Era, ),

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Was it baroque at one time and now no longer is? What does a cultural way of being mean? He died in Mexico Echeberria on June 5,of a heart attack, as a result of several blood pressure complications. Ethoos, in claiming a postcolonial and anti-imperialist dimension for their concepts of the baroque, perhaps Carpentier, Lezama, and Sarduy —and all of their followers— were heading in a direction full of promise, not so much because of their baroque essentialism, but rather, because of their way of devising alternatives to the dominant genealogy.

For Carpentier, the baroque could not be limited to one sole historical period nor to one location alone; on the contrary, the baroque was a collective spirita cultural way of being characterized by dynamic structures and polycentric perspectives that allowed for the recognition and incorporation of difference.

From here we can see one of the elements barroco of permitting a double reading of the process leading to modernity. Emphasizing its uncivilized character, Northern European nations metaphorically efhos the Spanish Empire to the periphery echdverria modern Europe.

What characterized the Baroque age at the political level was the model of the absolute monarch by divine right, enlightened despotism being only a variation adapted to the circumstances of the time. According to Dubois, the historic baroque started as a reaction to 16 th -century reforms and continued until the end of the 18 th century, with key symbols such as the American Declaration of Independence and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

The Baroque: the intellectual and geopolitical reasons for a historiographical erasure

By the end of the 17 th century, Louis XIV had already announced that the Spanish crown was worthless without America. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For Toulmin, the inherited vision of the origins of modernity should be rejected echevreria and for all, offering eghos possibility of a double origin for the modern period. At this point, it is clear that the baroque is a contradictory paradigm which is unquestionably complex, quite complex, with tendencies pushing in diverging paths.


Out of these two origins, one would continue to be undervalued until now, being seen as belonging to an archaic world order. Galileo and Descartes were aware of this, though more as rationalists and scientists than simply because they were baroque, of course; but baroque writers confusedly glimpsed this hidden path] La cultura The purely postcolonial discourses applied to Hispanic America and countries such as Spain fall on the border between a colonizing and a postcolonial nation.

Of course, I will avoid commenting on the way in which the Spanish and Hispanic peoples themselves internalized and appropriated the role that others had written for them. However, can this vision be applied to the baroque? Keeping this manipulation of history in mind permits a double reading of the course leading to modernity. Leibniz et le baroqueParis, Minuit, Reading Cultures in Contexted.

Indeed, the Lacanian affirmation: Not an educated America, with its history and civilization, not an America inhabited by subjects as respectable and little respected as those from Europe. But, are these tools not found in the Baroque?

However, The Black Legend as such was merely a set of mechanisms for producing political turmoil and propaganda set into motion by emerging powers aspiring to gain independence or to compete with the Spanish Empire.

Certainly, but the process of writing the grand narrative of modernity has taken the key criteria of rationalism, empiricism, sensism and Protestant subjectivity for itself, simultaneously erasing their presence from the Baroque.

And the narrative of this idea, equivalent to the grand narrative of modern Europe, is where the Baroque suffered erasure —not because it did not participate in this process, but rather because in the political and military struggle between the European powers, the propagandistic association between the Inquisition, barbarity, the denial of freedom and the contempt for knowledge worked like a charm—, turning it into the opposite of science, liberty, progress, and modernity.

On the other hand, is Latin America defined by synthesis? Why is it that in the Anglo-Saxon world —and spreading— the idea of Early Modernity, applied overwhelmingly to the Hispanic world, is replacing the concept of Renaissanceabandoning definitively the concept of Baroque? From a leftist perspective, the Maravallian vision did, however, come to indirectly consolidate the iconic vision of the Baroque as an incarnation of Spanish identity: Nonetheless, within this reality of historical flux, such gaps did exist and by passing through them, intellectual and artistic reflection and exploration achieved the advances characterizing the culture of an enlightened modernity which co-existed alongside the Baroque and constituted an integral part of its complexity.


In an attempt to escape essentializing identities, we fall into the very same trap we had tried to avoid. The position of rationalist scepticism and Baconian empiricism in the European intellectual sphere accompanies Erasmian humanism within an excessively complex cultural reality which also includes all hermetic philosophy, which, as demonstrated by Westman and McGuire, was essential for the Scientific Revolution.

The fundamental problem is, therefore, the fact that the Baroque is seen as a homogenous and closed whole whether through stylistic criteria or through culturalist visions despite its evident discursive plurality.


What is meant by the statement historically the baroque has been the cultural state of Latin America? Nonetheless, his linking of science cosmology and art constitutes his most fruitful contribution to the field. Yet another question arises: And it was this phase occurring preponderantly in the 18 th century that emphasized the backward, ignorant, barbarous, and uncivilized character of Spain and its empire. Ethoos first statement forces us to ask ourselves: This seems to assume that liberalism could not have been reached from a Baroque starting point, establishing purely fictional incompatibilities.

Our position, therefore, is not exactly one of postcolonial discourse, because Spain was never a colony but was an empire that had colonies, creating overlapping and conflicting discourses. Has it ever stopped being this way?

Bolívar Echeverría

On the contrary, modernity —embodied in the Enlightenment, into which naturally entered Bacon, Descartes, Galileo, Hobbes, etc. In a sense, this work aims to recover a reality that neither belongs to national apologists nor to the authors of a narrative that bereaves us of our identity. The Baroque, therefore, had no chance of producing its own baroque science; science could only belong to Protestant countries, where Protestantism was not only the equivalent of the freedom of belief but of, above all, the freedom to think, effacing all social, religious, and political conflict from the Protestant north.

Consequently, the Baroque and the Iberian Peninsula were erased from the grand narrative of European and Western modernity.