Ocean Tracer and Biogeochemical Modeling at MIT. Here we briefly describe some of our ocean tracer and biogeochemistry studies. Bio, Cicli Biogeochimici. Prof Berna; 3 videos; views; Last updated on Sep 27, Play all. Share. Loading Save. Rappresentazione schematica del ciclo dell’azoto. Si chiama nitratazione la reazione terminale di mineralizzazione dell’azoto nel suolo e consiste Categoria: Cicli biogeochimici.

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You can find pre-prints, reprints and abstracts of of our papers on these topics here. What is the role of ocean circulation and its variability in controlling and modulating global biogeochemical cycles? With graduate student Galen Mckinley, using global ocean circulation estimates from the ECCO consortium we find a significant interannual variability of the air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide of similar magnitude to those estimated from observed atmospheric data related to changes in upper ocean mixing.

We have studied the intensity of the bloom in the subtropical and subpolar North Atlantic, and its relationship to meteorological forcing, using analysis of the SeaWiFS data and numerical models. We have also used a numerical model of the time dependent ocean circulation with a highly simplified representation of the ecosystem of the North Atlantic. This project has been a collaboration with Dr.

The figure shows the time-mean air-sea flux of carbon dioxide from a global, interannually varying simulation made by Galen McKinley. Monthly images are sequenced, for the two years and Ocean distributions of anthropogenic transient tracers, such as chlorofluorocarbons CFCs and radiocarbon 14C reveal pathways, rates and mechanisms of ocean circulation and mixing.


The ocean model is losing carbon dioxide from the ocean in regions where carbon rich deep waters upwell to the surface e. The figure shows the mean surface ocean chlorophyll concentration in the Atlantic basin image from the SeaWiFs website.

Cicli biogeochimici

Here we briefly describe some of our ocean tracer and biogeochemistry studies. CFC is entirely man-made, and its concentration in the atmosphere increased rapidly from the s to the s. What are the feedbacks between climate and biogeochemical processes? Comparisons show significant differences between models and data, hiogeochimici between the different models. We have examined chlorophyll distributions estimated from remotely sensed ocean color by the SeaWiFs mission.

We use numerical models of ocean circulation and biogeochemistry to examine the possible effect of interannual changes in meteorological forcing and upper ocean circulation on the fluxes of carbon dioxide and oxygen between the bioyeochimici and atmosphere. The subtropics are depleted in nutrients year round, reflected in low chlorophyll concentrations dark blue.

An animation, showing the seasonal and interannual variability of the North Atlantic spring bloom, as observed from space by SeaWiFS, can be seen here 1.

How do changes in ocean circulation and mixing on interannual timescales affect the air-sea exchange of trace gases, such as carbon dioxide and oxygen? Our overarching aim is to better understand the interactions between the climate system and the global carbon cycle.


It is soluble and has been invading the oceans, marking waters which have recently been near the surface. We have examined model simulations of the penetration of bomb-radiocarbon the 14C perturbation from atmospheric nuclear tests in the ‘s into the ocean.

bigeochimici These studies are described in a series of papers click link to download PDF’s: The comparison shows an improved simulation in models which partially resolve mesoscale eddies – the oceanic equivalent of weather systems which are typically tens of kilometres in lateral scale. From Follows and Marshall ; read the abstract here.


The high concentrations in the subpolar gyre reflect the strong late spring and summer bloom in that region. Follows and Dutkiewicz The finer resolution model shows significant ventilation of the western subtropical thermocline due to mesoscale eddy stirring. Yellow and light blue indicate high chlorophyll concentrations. Interannual variability in the global flux of carbon dioxide across the model’s sea surface show general agreement with inferences from observed data showing a strong signature of changes in the Tropical Pacific associated with El Nino phenomenon.

Ecologia microbica

We have participated in OCMIPan international comparison of simulations of the ocean uptake of chlorofluorocarbons and the distribution and air-sea exchange of nutrients, carbon and oxygen in the ocean.

The ocean model absorbs carbon from the atmosphere in regions of sea surface heat loss and biological uptake of carbon e.

We have examined the relationships between regionanal and interannual variations in meteorological forcing and the variability of the spring bloom of biological productivity in the North Atlantic ocean. Comparing model simulations of ocean tracers with observed data can inform us about the veracity of our ocean circulation models.